Class 10 Maths CBSE Notes - PDF Download
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CBSE Class 10 Maths Notes

CBSE Class 10th Mathematics Notes

CBSE Mathematics is one of the most difficult core subjects in class 10th. It introduces students to real numbers, polynomials, quadratic equations, triangles, and circles. 10th-grade mathematics forms the foundation for each higher-level mathematical concept and topic. In the 10th-grade math curriculum, students are exposed to a wide range of important concepts that will be very important in later grades. In addition to a deeper understanding of the basics of math, it is important for passing exams as it is a required subject on most bulletin boards.

Students who want to do well in upcoming exams should switch to the Vidyakul learning platform. Students are required to practice text problems to score higher on the exam. At Vidyakul, Grade 10 students are provided with all math-related materials such as syllabuses, notes, questionnaires, books, etc., which are very helpful in preparing for the exam. Check out all of our math resources for 10th grade at the links below.

NCERT Notes for Class 10 Mathematics: Important Topics

Vidyakul provides free math notes for class 10 on this page. Practicing NCERT Class 10 Math notes will not only help you understand the basics of the subject, but will also help you improve the speed and accuracy of problem solving.

Vidyakul platform simplifies student learning by enabling students to achieve top marks in all subjects.

Not only the NCERT notes are free with each chapter, but on Vidyakul, students can learn new concepts from interactive videos, making learning fun and exciting.

Below mentioned are the important chapters from Class 10 Maths:

Sr. No.

Topic Name


Real Numbers




Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables


Quadratic Equations


Arithmetic Progressions




Coordinate Geometry


Introduction to Trigonometry


Some Applications of Trigonometry






Areas Related to Circles


Surface Areas and Volumes





NCERT Notes for Class 10 Mathematics: Question Paper Pattern 

In the CBSE Class 10 2023 Mathematics exam template, each exam is worth 100 points. Of these, 80 points are allocated to mathematical theory work and 20 points to the mathematics internal assessment. The math exam time for theoretical assignments is 3 hours.

Question Type

No. of Question


1 Marks


20 Marks

2 Marks


10 Marks

3 Marks


18 Marks

4 Marks


12 Marks

5 Marks


20 Marks

Total Theory Marks


80 Marks

Internal Assessment Marks


20 Marks



100 Marks

Name Of the topic                                    Marks 

Number System                                           6

Algebra                                                       20

Coordinate Geometry                                  6

Geometry                                                   15 

Trigonometry                                              12

Mensuration                                               10 

Statistics & Probability                               11

CBSE Total Marks for 10th 2023 Maths    80

NCERT Notes for Class 10 Mathematics: Preparation Tips

All students preparing for the CBSE Year 10 exam must complete the entire CBSE Year 10 program on time. It is important that they are familiar with the examination system and have completed as many sample CBSE assignments or assignments from previous years as possible. You must reserve at least one month for the CBSE 10th Board 2023 revision. Here are some CBSE Year 10 preparation tips that students can follow to score well on the exam.

Many students are nervous about the name of the test written on the board, it's obvious, but preparing with the right skills will relieve the stress. Paper presentation is a key aspect and students should strive to pass the exam in a way that not only affects the exam but also makes it efficient and readable.

  • Get Familiar with the exam pattern & syllabus

It is essential that students know the exam pattern and syllabus thoroughly. CBSE class 10 Exam pattern includes details about the type of questions, the number of questions, duration of the exam, marking scheme, and sections covered among others. Students are suggested to go through the complete CBSE class 10th syllabus.

The CBSE class 10th exam consists of a total of 100 marks which is subdivided as:

• Annual Board Exam: 80 Marks (Passing marks is 33% out of 80 in each subject)

• Internal Assessment: 20 Marks (Periodic Tests* - 10 marks each, Notebook submission- 5 marks, Subject Activities - 5 marks)

*Note – Out of 3 Periodic tests average of the best two marks will be considered for the final weightage.


  • Solve previous year questions and sample papers

Students are suggested to practice previous years' CBSE class 10th question papers to analyze their preparation level. Students must keep an eye on the clock because solving the question paper within the stipulated time limit will help keep track of their problem-solving speed.

  • Take breaks while studying

It makes learning difficult for the student if he/she sits in one place trying to remain focused. It is suggested students take short breaks while studying. Doing 10-15 minutes of exercise in between your studies will help stay fit, active, and mentally prepared for future sciences.

  • Group study for CBSE class 10 exams

Studying with a group of friends is always fun. Listening and speaking always help in better learning. Group study helps in understanding the concepts faster. Alongside, boring topics will become interesting in group study sessions and help students to extend their study schedule longer.

  • Avoid using slangs

Always remember that spoken and written English are not the same. Using slang words or SMS language will be considered as a spelling mistake and one will be penalized for the same leading to loss of marks.

  • Take proper rest

Stress, fear, and anxiety hampers the preparation and affects the performance in board exams. So it is suggested to start preparing and relax the mind. Get a proper night sleep especially before the exam day.

  • Write appropriate answers

After all the preparation for the exam, come the time when the answer sheet must reflect the hard work. Students must follow the proper technique and strategy to write the answers in the best way and complete the exam well on time. Make the best use of the 15 minutes reading time allotted before starting writing the exam.

NCERT Notes for Class 10 Mathematics:Tips & Tricks 

1. Solve each and every question and example given in NCERT books

2. Practice more to gain accuracy and speed

3. Solve previous year question papers and sample papers

4. Make a separate notebook for formulae, theories, and points for easy practice

5. It is suggested to prepare Geometry, Algebra, Mensuration first as they carry maximum weightage

6. Manage time depending on the weightage of each chapter

7. Know the Maths class 10 term 1 and maths class 10 term 2 syllabus and schedule all topics accordingly

NCERT Notes for Class 10 Mathematics: Points to Remember

Below mentioned are some of the important points to remember for NCERT Class 10 Maths to score good marks in the exams:

  • Real Numbers: Every composite number can be expressed (factorised) as a product of primes, and this factorisation is unique except for the order in which the prime factors occur.

  • Polynomials: A polynomial of degree n can have at most n real zeros.

  • Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables: If the pair of lines intersect at a point, then we say that the pair is consistent, and the coordinates of the intersection point provide us a unique solution.

  • Quadratic Equations: A real number α is said to be a zero of the quadratic polynomials p(x)=ax2+bx+c if p(α)=0

  • Arithmetic Progressions:  If aa is the first term and dd the common difference of an AP, then the AP is a, a+d, a+2d, a+3d, a+4d, …

  • Triangles: Two polygons having the same number of sides are similar if their corresponding angles are equal and their corresponding sides are proportional (i.e., in the same ratio).

  • Coordinate Geometry: The coordinates of any point on x− axis are of the form (x, 0)

  • Introduction to Trigonometry: The values of sin θ and cos θ never exceed 1, whereas the positive values of sec θ and cosec θ are always greater than or equal to 1.

  • Statistics: Methods of Finding Mean include Direct method, Shortcut Method and Step-deviation method.

  • Probability: The sum of the probabilities of all the outcomes (elementary events) of an experiment is 1.

  • Circles: The lengths of the two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

  • Constructions: Construction in geometry means to draw shapes, angles or lines accurately.

Check out all the important points for CBSE Class 10 Maths at Vidyakul.

NCERT Notes for Class 11 Mathematics:

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1: Which is the best learning platform for NCERT Maths notes Class 10?

Ans: Vidyakul is the best outcome-based learning platform for detailed NCERT Maths notes for Class 10. Experts at Vidyakul have created a step by step notes in simple and easy language. Students searching for Class 10 Maths NCERT notes can read this article and download free NCERT Maths Book Class 10 notes from this article.

Q.2: Where can I download Class 10 Maths NCERT notes?

Ans: NCERT notes for Class 10 Maths is available on this article free of cost. You can download it for later use. 

Q.3: How many chapters does the NCERT Class 10 Maths textbook have?

Ans: The NCERT Maths textbook for Class 10 features 15 chapters.

Q.4: How can I easily learn formulas for all chapters in NCERT Class 10 textbook?

Ans: Students can easily refer to this article to learn Maths formulas for Class 10. It covers the entire syllabus and contains all the important formulas for the exam.

Q.5: Why is it important to refer to NCERT Class 10 Maths notes?

Ans: Maths NCERT Class 10 notes provide a detailed and step-by-step explanation. Keeping the concepts in mind, they are easy to understand and handy to practic

Vidyakul understands the difficulties faced by the students in Class 10 while facing Maths, thus, we bring them a solution to lower down the pressure and increase their self-confidence. Free Download of Class 10 Maths Chapter-wise Notes pdf would help students in effective preparation and revision for the examinations.

Related Class 10 Science Notes Chapter-wise:

Class 10 board exams are quite crucial in a student’s academic life. This is the first year where a student faces a national level examination, i.e. CBSE Class 10 Board Exam. Many students who are aiming to score maximum marks in the board exams often find Mathematics as a hurdle in their path to success. Mathematics is in fact considered to be an extremely difficult subject by the students wherein the students are required to burn the midnight oils.  At this time, students are advised to study from really good notes and practice as much NCERT as they can.

Vidyakul offers Class 10 Maths notes Chapter-wise, which are prepared by our panel of highly experienced teachers, keeping in mind the level of preparation required by the students to excel at board exams. The teachers have analyzed past 15 years of examination papers and other study material so that they cover each and every topic in the syllabus. Thus, studying from these Class 10 Maths Notes Chapter-wise pdf would lead the student to score maximum marks in the board examination.

Important Notes Links: