Class 10th Science Carbon and its Compounds NCERT Notes CBSE 2023
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Carbon and Its Compounds Class 10 Notes

Carbon and Its Compounds Class 10 Notes

Chapter 4 Carbon and Its Compounds 

Science is a core subject in Year 10, so students are expected to study each chapter and topic thoroughly. Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 10 Science deals with carbon and its compounds. Chapter 4 of Vidyakul's NCERT Class 10 Scientific notes provides step-by-step notes to each question.

Vidyakul provides over 3500 questions with 10 guides. Students learn different ways to solve specific problems and develop necessary presentation skills. Class 10 NCERT notes for carbon and compound fields are free. Scroll down to see all information related to NCERT Class 10 science.


CBSE CLASS 10th SCIENCE CH-4



Points to Remember

Below we have provided some of the important points to remember for NCERT notes for Class 10 Science Chapter 8 to ace your exam:


  • Asexual reproduction is the production of offspring by a single parent without gamete fusion.

  • Sexual reproduction creates new individuals by combining and fusing male and female gametes.

  • Vegetative propagation is the process of creating new plants from plant vegetative parts such as a root, stems, or leaves.

  • Flowering plants reproduce sexually.

  • Puberty-related body changes, such as increased breast size in girls and new facial hair growth in boys, are indicators of sexual maturation.

  • In humans, the male reproductive system consists of the testis, which produces sperm, the vas deferens, seminal vesicles, the prostate gland, the urethra, and the penis.

  • The initiation of menstruation is called menarche. The stoppage of menstruation is called menopause.

  • Implantation is the process by which a young embryo attaches to the uterine wall.

  • A bacterial STD is gonorrhoea, a viral STD is HIV, and a bacterial STD is a syphilis.





Topics and Sub-topics

In this chapter, students will become familiar with carbon and its properties. Through NCERT Class 10 Chapter 4, students will understand the importance of carbon as the foundation of all living organisms and many of the things we use. Students also learn how these compounds are named according to the functional groups they are attached to.

Before delving deeper into carbon and its compounds in NCERT Class 10 notes, let's review the topics and subtopics in this chapter.

Section Name

Topic Name

4.1

Carbon and Its Compounds

4.2

Bonding in Carbon – The Covalent Bond

4.3

Versatile Nature of Carbon

4.4

Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds

4.5

Some Important Carbon Compounds – Ethanol and Ethanoic Acid

4.6

Soaps and Detergents





Few Important Questions


  • What is a micelle?

Micelle is an aggregate of molecules in a colloidal solution (those formed in detergents).


  • What are the types of covalent bonds?

1. Single covalent bond 2. Double covalent bond 3. Triple covalent bond.


  • What are ‘Allotropes’?

Different structural modifications of the element leads to the formation of allotropes of that particular element. For ex., carbon.


Learn more about it in Carbon and Its Compounds Class 10 Notes pdf.

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